New Scientist article jhene asiko race theory is the idea that a country or group of countries can only exist in a particular way if it is racially and ethnically homogenous, with its population in a fixed geographical space.
This is not the case for a political party.
The idea that such a party would have a disproportionate impact on an electorate is, to the extent that it is true, a myth, says Jens Ludwig, a political scientist at the University of California at Berkeley.
This concept is one of the most important aspects of what race theorists call race politics.
Race is not just a binary binary binary, it’s a spectrum.
If you look at the US presidential race, it is almost entirely white and male, according to a study by researchers at the Harvard Institute of Politics and the University at Buffalo.
That may not sound like much, but it is significant in that it suggests that political parties and candidates are inherently less representative than voters in other parts of the world, says Ludwig.
It is also important to consider how a party’s electoral fortunes are shaped by its voters, says Lorna Smith, a PhD candidate at the Australian National University who researches race and politics in Australia.
If a party is popular, it has an incentive to engage in race-sensitive campaigning, she says.
“You can’t have an election without race politics, and so a party that can’t win races with white voters, or is losing races with minority voters, is going to have an incentive not to run,” she says, adding that race is also a major factor in the US electoral process.
If we do not think race is a key factor, we will not have a discussion about race.
Race politics has been on the rise in recent years, says Smith, who is also director of the Centre for Applied Ethics and Public Policy at the National University of Singapore.
“Race politics has become the key issue of the time.
We have to be careful about thinking of race as an issue when it really is not,” she adds.
As the US election approaches, the stakes are high for race-based politics, says Richard A. Hausman, a professor of political science at the College of William and Mary and the author of Race Politics and American Politics: A New Perspective.
Race and identity, as well as gender and sexual orientation, are also key issues, he says.
In order for a race-centric political party to succeed, the party must have a strong and growing constituency, he argues.
That means building up a network of white, middle-class, and wealthy voters in key battleground states, which will help it gain momentum in the election.
“If you want to win, you have to build a base of support in these key battlegrounds.
You cannot have a race party without a base in those states,” says Hausmen.
That has become increasingly important in US elections in recent decades.
Although there have been some recent signs of growth, and Trump has made gains, it will not last long, argues A. Philip Zelikow, a sociologist at the American University of Beirut and a member of the Presidential Advisory Commission on the Future of Race Relations in the United States.
“The American electorate is much more progressive, and is much less prejudiced towards the other side than most other parts in the world,” he says, and he attributes this to a change in the way we think about race in the past few decades.
Race has always been a central component of American politics, but has increasingly been underappreciated.
“We still see a huge amount of racial discrimination in US politics, including in education and healthcare,” he notes.
“It’s very important that we continue to see a lot of attention paid to race relations in our society and to race issues in our elections.”